African American Historical Serials

The American Theological Library Association (ATLA) helped develop this full-text collection of periodicals documenting the history of African American life and religious organizations from 1829 to 1922. The titles were collected from 75 institutions.

All VTS Theses - Print or Electronic

Library catalog search.

Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries

Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries span over 86 volumes and is one of the most trusted and long-running scholarly commentaries series for Biblical Studies scholars. This prestigious commentary series represents the pinnacle of biblical scholarship and draws from the wisdom and resources of Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish scholars from around the world. It includes a book-by-book translation and exegesis of the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and the Apocrypha to make available all the significant historical and linguistic knowledge which bears on the interpretation of the Bible.

Archives of the Episcopal Church

The official national repository of the Episcopal Church.

Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA)

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) strives to democratize access to the best data on religion. Founded as the American Religion Data Archive in 1997 and going online in 1998, the initial archive was targeted at researchers interested in American religion. The targeted audience and the data collection have both greatly expanded since 1998, now including American and international collections submitted by the foremost religion scholars and research centers in the world.  The ARDA is generously supported by the Lilly Endowment, the John Templeton FoundationChapman UniversityPennsylvania State University and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

ATLA Christian Preaching, Worship, and Piety, 1680-1919

The Christian Preaching, Worship, and Piety, 1559-1919 collection contains over 3,000 titles reflecting how Christians lived out their faith in the form of sermons, worship, and piety. Sermons were a primary tool for teaching moral and spiritual lessons. The collection features over 700 texts of either individual or collected sermons from over 400 authors, including Lyman Beecher, Henry Ward Beecher, Dwight Lyman Moody, Charles Grandison Finney, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and Francis Xavier Weninger. The collection also highlights various aspects of worship and liturgy spanning Christian history from early Christian Worship to the liturgies of the "St. Thomas Christians" in India to more modern baptismal and sacramental practices. Piety, or the reverent living of one's faith, is one aim of both preaching and worship. The collection also offers generous holdings focused on Christian piety and forming and educating a person to live a life of faith. A breadth of subjects are represented here, including prayer, apologetics, ecumenical concerns, evangelistic work, revivals, and monastic and religious orders. Authors include J.R. Miller, A.B. Simpson, F.X. Weninger, and Adolf von Harnack. For theological works related to these themes, please see the collection titled Global Theological Perspectives, 1322-1922.

ATLA Missions and Missionaries Around the World, 1611-1922

The Missions and Missionaries Around the World, 1611-1922 collection contains over 2,000 titles that tell the stories of various Christian missions and missionaries throughout the world, focusing on the 19th and early 20th centuries. The collection features both foreign missions to over 50 countries and domestic, or "home missions," within North America and Europe. The 19th century ushered in a more global awareness of different cultures and peoples and the Christian missionary response was to reach out to those cultures and peoples. Foreign countries in this outreach include efforts to India, China, Africa, Korea, and Japan, as well as more remote destinations such as Guyana, Tahiti, and the Marquesas Islands. Domestic "home" missions include missions to Native Americans as well as outreach within the UK and Germany. Prominent missionary organizations include American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the China Inland Mission. Prominent authors include Morris Officer, Robert E. Speer, Adrien Launay, and St. Francis Xavier. Many Christian traditions are featured in the collection, including the Catholic Church, Presbyterian Church in the USA, Lutheran Church, Orthodox Church.

ATLA Religion Database with ATLA Serials Plus

ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials PLUS (ATLAS PLUS) combines the premier index to journal articles, book reviews, and collections of essays in all fields of religion with ATLA's largest collection of full text religion and theology journals. ATLAS PLUS contains a more than 450 full text titles, including all ATLASerials® (ATLAS®) titles and content previously available in the ATLA Catholic Periodical and Literature Index® (ATLA CPLI®). This database is produced by the American Theological Library Association.


Bloomsbury Theology and Religion Online

Bloomsbury ebooks including the Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries, the T&T Clark Jesus Library and T&T Clark Theology Library. Access for VTS students, faculty, staff, and alumni.

Britannica Academic

With contributions from Nobel laureates, historians, curators, professors and other notable experts, Britannica Academic provides trusted information with balanced, global perspectives and insights.


Browzine offers an alternative to the "current periodicals shelves", allowing you to browse tables of contents from many of our electronic subscriptions. There are mobile device apps that also have the ability to send alerts when a new issue is found in the database.


Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics

In this second edition of the best-selling Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics, Robin Gill brings together twenty essays by leading experts, to provide a comprehensive introduction to Christian ethics which is both authoritative and up to date. This volume boasts four entirely new chapters, while previous chapters and all bibliographies have been updated to reflect significant developments in the field over the last decade. Gill offers a superb overview of the subject, examining the scriptural bases of ethics as well as discussing Christian ethics in the context of contemporary issues, including war and the arms trade, social justice, ecology, economics, medicine and genetics. All of the contributors have a proven track record of balanced, comprehensive and comprehensible writing making this book an accessible and invaluable source not only for students in upper-level undergraduate courses, graduate students and teachers, but anyone interested in Christian ethics today

Chicago Manual of Style Online

The definitive guide to creating citations and bibliographies in University of Chicago format, available full-text online.

China Historical Christian Database (CHCD)

The China Historical Christian Database (CHCD) quantifies and visualizes the place of Christianity in modern China (1550-1950). It provides users the tools to discover where every Christian church, school, hospital, orphanage, publishing house, and the like were located in China, and it documents who worked inside those buildings, both foreign and Chinese. Collectively, this information creates spatial maps and generates relational networks that reveal where, when, and how Western ideas, technologies, and practices entered China. Simultaneously, it uncovers how and through whom Chinese ideas, technologies, and practices were conveyed to the West.

This project breaks new ground in providing quantifiable data about modern Sino-Western relations. Its intuitive interface generates visualizations, lists, and maps for use by the general public, students and teachers in secondary education and colleges, in the US and globally, with English and Chinese navigation. Advanced DH users have open access to its data for elaboration. BU’s digital infrastructure guarantees long-term sustainability, and CHCD’s international collaborations in the USA, Asia, and Europe help promote historical understanding between China and the rest of the world.

The CHCD is hosted by the Center for Global Christianity and Mission at Boston University.

Christian Classics Ethereal Library

The Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL) is a digital library that provides free electronic copies of Christian scripture and literature texts. 

Church Times Archives (UKPressOnline)

Full image version of UKPressOnline's archive of the Church Times (1863 - current).

Classic Sermon Index

This database indexes over 52000 historic sermons by author, title, primary biblical text, and date. It includes topical indexing for over 20,000 of the sermons. Citations are hyperlinked to full text for 75% of the content.


Digital Karl Barth Library

This resource includes The Church Dogmatics in English and the original German, as well as the first 45 volumes of Barth's Gesamtausgabe, which includes hundreds of letters, sermons, lectures, conversations, and academic writings.

Directory of Open Access Books

DOAB is a community-driven discovery service that indexes and provides access to scholarly, peer-reviewed open access books and helps users to find trusted open access book publishers. All DOAB services are free of charge and all data is freely available.


Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopaedia Britannica is a comprehensive general encyclopedia with full-text articles and links to recommended websites on every topic.


ERIC, the Education Resource Information Center, provides access to education literature and research. The database provides access to information from journals included in the Current Index of Journals in Education and Resources in Education Index. Content includes journal articles, research reports, curriculum and teaching guides, conference papers, dissertations and theses, and books dating back to 1966.



Access the latest issues of The Christian Century and Christianity Today.



The Global Digital Library on Theology and Ecumenism (GlobeTheoLib) is a multilingual online library offering access free of charge to full-text articles, journals, books and other resources on theology, intercultural and interreligious dialogue, ethics, and ecumenism in World Christianity. Participants also have the possibility to contribute their own documents to the library.


Hathi Trust Digital Library

HathiTrust is a partnership of academic and research institutions, offering a collection of millions of titles digitized from libraries around the world.


JSTOR Religion and Arts and Sciences III Collections

VTS' JSTOR subscription includes the Religion and Theology and Arts & Sciences III collections. These offer full-text electronic access to over 320 academic journals in religion, languages and literature, music, film studies, folklore, feminist & women's studies, performing arts, and the history and study of art and architecture. Because JSTOR’s mission is archival, there is a gap, typically from one to five years, between the most recently published journal issue and the back issues available.
BPL subscribes to only two of the collections in this resource, articles in other collections will give citation information only.


Kanopy Streaming Video

Includes many educational videos on religion and content from companies from PBS to the Great Courses, as well as classic and international film.


Library, Information Science, and Technology Abstracts

LISTA provides indexing and abstracting for hundreds of key journals, books, research reports


Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD)

The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD) is an international organization dedicated to promoting the adoption, creation, use, dissemination, and preservation of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). They support electronic publishing and open access to scholarship in order to enhance the sharing of knowledge worldwide. Search the 6,448,541 electronic theses and dissertations contained in the NDLTD archive.

New Testament Abstracts

An electronic collection of abstracts of articles, reviews, and software and more than 18,900 book summaries related to New Testament studies.


Old Testament Abstracts

An electronic collection of abstracts of articles, essays, and software and more than 7,900 book summaries related to Old Testament studies.

Open Access Digital Theological Library

The Open Access Digital Theological Library (OADTL) collects content in religious studies without regard for theological or confessional perspective. OADTL collections are composed primarily of books and articles. The collections are ecumenical, global, and interreligious and include materials in all languages (as long as that content meets the criteria listed).

OpenDissertations (EBSCO)

OpenDissertations is an open-access database built to assist researchers in locating both historic and contemporary dissertations and theses. Created with the generous support of the H.W. Wilson Foundation and the Congregational Library & Archives in Boston, it incorporates EBSCO’s previously released American Doctoral Dissertations, and features additional dissertation metadata contributed by select colleges and universities from around the world. Providing researchers with citations to graduate research across a span of time, from the early 20th century to the present, this database will continue to grow through regular updates and new partnerships with graduate degree-granting institutions.

Oxford African American Studies Center

This database provides a comprehensive collection of materials on the lives and events which have shaped African American history and culture, including primary source documents, articles, images, charts, maps, and tables.

Oxford Bibliographies - Biblical Studies

OBO offers annotated bibliographies of the best resources on topics in Biblical Studies. Contributors include VTS' Stephen L. Cook and John Yieh.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

58,000 biographies of people who shaped the history of the British Isles and beyond, the national record of men and women who have shaped British history and culture, worldwide, from the Romans to the 21st century.

Oxford English Dictionary (the OED)

A complete text of the 2nd. ed. of the Oxford English dictionary (OED) with quarterly updates, including revisions not available in any other form.

Oxford Guide to The Book of Common Prayer

The Oxford Guide to the Book of Common Prayer is the first comprehensive guide to the history and usage of the original Book of Common Prayer and its variations. Expert contributors from around the world and from every major denomination offer an unparalleled view of The Book of Common Prayer and its influence. The Oxford Guide to Common Prayer is more than simply a history: it describes how Anglican churches at all points of the compass have developed their own Prayer Books and adapted the time-honored Anglican liturgies to their diverse local cultures. The Guide examines how the same texts - Daily Prayers, the Eucharist, Marriage and Funerals, and many others - in dozens of editions now in use throughout the world, both resemble and differ from one another. A brief look at'electronic Prayer Books'also offers a unique and exciting modern perspective. The Oxford Guide to the Book of Common Prayer offers a fascinating journey through the history and development of a classic of world literature from its origins in the 16th century to the modern day.

Oxford Handbook of Anglican Studies

The 44 essays in this volume embrace a wide range of academic disciplines: theological; historical; demography and geography; and different aspects of culture and ethics. They are united in their discussion of what is effectively a new inter-disciplinary subject which we have termed 'Anglican Studies'. At the core of this volume is the phenomenon of Anglicanism as this is expressed in different places and in a variety of ways across the world. This Handbook covers a far broader set of topics from a wider range of perspectives than has been hitherto attempted in Anglican Studies. At the same time, it doesn't impose a particular theological or historical agenda. The contributions are drawn from across the spectrum of theological views and opinions. It shows that the unsettled nature of the polity is part of its own rich history; and many will see this as a somewhat lustrous tradition. In its comprehensive coverage, this volume is a valuable contribution to Anglican Studies and helps formulate a discipline that might perhaps promote dialogue and discussion across the Anglican world.

Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Biblical Interpretation

The Bible was the lifeblood of virtually every aspect of the life of the early churches. The essays in this Handbook explore a wide array of themes related to the reception, canonization, interpretation, uses, and legacies of the Bible in early Christianity. A first group of studies examines the material text transmitted, translated, and invested with authority, and the very conceptualization of sacred Scripture as God’s word for the Church. A second group looks at the culture and disciplines or science of interpretation in representative exegetical traditions. A third group of essays addresses the remarkably diverse literary and non-literary modes of interpretation, while a fourth group canvasses the communal background and foreground of early Christian interpretation, where the Bible was paramount in shaping normative Christian identity. A fifth group assesses the determinative role of the Bible in major developments and theological controversies in the life of the churches. A sixth group returns to interpretation proper and samples how certain abiding motifs from within scriptural revelation were treated by major Christian expositors. A seventh and final group of studies follows up by examining how early Christian exegesis was retrieved and critically evaluated in later periods of church history. Along the way, readers will be oriented to the major resources for, and issues in, the critical study of early Christian biblical interpretation.

Oxford Handbook of Ecclesiology

This Handbook is a comprehensive resource for the scholarly study of the self-understanding of the church through the centuries—its theological identity. Nearly thirty expert contributions describe the continuities and discontinuities in the changing understanding of the church. The scope of ecclesiology is defined by the manifold self-understanding and action of the church in relation to a number of research fields, including its historical origins, structures of authority, doctrine, ministry and sacraments, unity and diversity, and mission, as well as its relation to the state, to civil society, and to culture. The book covers the main sources of such ecclesiological research and reflection, namely the Bible, church history from the apostolic age to the present, the wealth of the Christian theological traditions, the experience and practice of the churches today, together with the information and insights that emerge from other relevant academic disciplines. Ecclesiology has also been the main focus of the intense ecumenical engagement, study, and dialogue of the past century and is the area where the most intractable differences remain to be resolved. In particular, generous space is allocated to the New Testament sources of ecclesiology and to some of the most influential shapers of modern ecclesiology.

Oxford Handbook of Ecumenical Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Ecumenical Studies is an unparalleled compendium of ecumenical history, information, and reflection. With essays by nearly fifty experts across various fields, the Handbook is a major resource for all who are involved or interested in ecumenical work for reconciliation between Christians and for the unity of the Church. Its six main sections consider the different phases of the history of the ecumenical movement from the mid-nineteenth century to the present; the ways in which leading Christian churches and traditions, Orthodox, Anglican, Methodist, Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Baptist, and Pentecostal, have engaged with and contributed to the movement; the achievements of ecumenical dialogue in key areas of Christian doctrine, such as Christology and ecclesiology, baptism, Eucharist and ministry, morals and mission, and the issues that remain outstanding; various ecumenical agencies and instruments, such as covenants and dialogues, the World Council of Churches, the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, and the Global Christian Forum; the progress and difficulties of ecumenism in different countries, areas and continents of the world, the UK and the USA, Africa, Asia, South America, Europe, and the Middle East; and finally two all-important questions are considered by scholars from various traditions: what would Christian unity look like and what is the best method for seeking it? This is a remarkably comprehensive assessment of one of the most outstanding features of Christian history, namely the modern ecumenical movement.

Oxford Handbook of the Pentateuch

Penned by internationally recognized scholars and leaders in the study of the Pentateuch, this volume offers to students and academics a comprehensive survey of key topics and issues in contemporary pentateuchal scholarship. The volume gives due attention to recent debates about the formation of the Pentateuch and their implications for biblical scholarship. At the same time, it addresses a number of issues that relate more broadly to the social and intellectual worlds of the Pentateuch. This includes engagements with questions of archaeology and history, the Pentateuch and the Samaritans, the relation between the Pentateuch and other Moses traditions in the Second Temple period, the Pentateuch and social memory, and more. Crucially, the volume situates its discussions of current developments in pentateuchal studies in relation to the field’s long history, one that in its modern, critical phase is now more than two centuries old. By showcasing both this rich history and the leading edges of the field, this volume provides a clear account of pentateuchal studies and a fresh sense of its vitality and relevance within biblical studies, religious studies, and the broader humanities.

Oxford Handbooks Online

  Access all of the Oxford Handbooks to which VTS subcribes.

Oxford Music Online (Grove Music Online)

Oxford Music Online provides full-text resources for music research including full-text articles and biographies from the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.


Philosopher's Index with Full Text (EBSCO)

The Philosopher’s Index covers all fields of philosophy and related disciplines and features research published since 1940. The publications covered in this comprehensive database hail from 139 countries and appear in 37 languages. The library has a single user license to this database.

Project Gutenberg

Choose among free epub and Kindle eBooks, download them or read them online. You will find the world’s great literature here, with focus on older works for which U.S. copyright has expired. Thousands of volunteers digitized and diligently proofread the eBooks, for you to enjoy.

Project Muse

Project MUSE is a trusted provider of authoritative humanities and social science books and journals from more than 200 of the world’s most distinguished university presses and scholarly societies.


APA PsycArticles®, from the American Psychological Association (APA), is a definitive source of full text, peer-reviewed scholarly and scientific articles in psychology. It contains articles from journals published by the American Psychological Association (APA), its imprint the Educational Publishing Foundation (EPF), and from allied organizations including the Canadian Psychological Association and the Hogrefe Publishing Group. It includes all journal articles, book reviews, letters to the editor, and errata from each journal. Coverage spans 1894 to the present and nearly all APA journals go back to Volume 1, Issue 1.


Religion and Philosophy Collection (EBSCO)

Ebsco Religion includes very timely coverage of recent full-text religion articles from 300 journals. It is supplementary to ATLA RDB, but can be searched simultaneously.

Religion Database (ProQuest)

ProQuest Religion provides indexing and full-text articles from 90 journals, magazines and newspapers in the field of religion. Coverage is 1986 - present, and indexing is very current.

Research in Ministry

This database indexes Doctor of Ministry and Doctor of Missiology theses from schools of theology accredited by the Association of Theological Schools. Indexing began in 1981. Author, title, project advisor, institution, abstract and subject access are provided. Remote access is available to all. The interface was completely revamped for 2019.


St. Andrew's Encyclopedia of Theology

The St Andrews Encyclopaedia of Theology will ultimately incorporate intellectual content from all major religious traditions, with an emphasis on material being written by scholars for whom these traditions are alive. Engagement will proceed in distinct stages: an initial phase, assembling a network of Senior Editors and advisors, and a main phase, in which articles are commissioned and authored.

At present, the Encyclopaedia is engaging with the following traditions:

St. John's Timeline

St John's Timeline is a unique collection of around 150 films from leading theologians and biblical scholars. Explore theological concepts from the 3rd century to today; insights into the books of the Old and New Testaments; and the exchange between philosophy and theology.


Twentieth Century Religious Thought (Alexander Street)

A multivolume, cross-searchable collection covering the major strains and new directions in religious questioning that have often altered the very framework of given traditions. In addition to studying scholars' ideas separately, researchers can explore broader schools of thought to examine how different theories, denominations, faiths, and political and cultural groups have intersected, differed, and influenced one another. Once completed, the four volumes of Twentieth Century Religious Thought will constitute a major resource on all aspects of theological thought, dialogue, and experience across cultures, laying the foundation for historical and contemporary understandings.



A world-wide bibliographic database compiling the holdings of thousands of libraries. VTS patrons can use WorldCat to place electronic interlibrary loan requests. Includes ArticleFirst, a source of article citations on a wide range of subjects.